Filing Taxes When You Are Unemployed

Unemployed Tax Filing Questions

If you are receiving unemployment compensation, it’s important to understand how it can affect your taxes. You may still have to file a tax return even if you are not earning income, and you may qualify for certain tax breaks as well. With thousands of taxpayers receiving unemployment compensation due to economic challenges, we want to address these frequently asked unemployment tax questions. 

Do I have to file taxes if I’m unemployed? 

It depends on your circumstances. You may have to file taxes if your income, filing status, and gross income meet certain requirements. Use this IRS tool to confirm if you’re required to file a tax return. 

If you don’t have any taxable income to report when you file, chances are your return will be rejected by the IRS. However, TaxSlayer has workarounds to enable filing without taxable income. Learn how to file a return like this with TaxSlayer.  

Have you picked up a side gig since becoming unemployed? If you drive for Uber or DoorDash, or sell products as an independent consultant, you may be considered self-employed for tax purposes. To learn more, read: Different Types of Self-Employment. 

Do I have to pay taxes on unemployment? 

Your unemployment compensation is considered taxable income by the IRS (and most states, too). If your total income for the year – including what you get for unemployment – is more than the minimum amount required to file, some of it could be taxed. 

To make sure you aren’t surprised with a tax bill when you file, you can have taxes withheld from your unemployment income during the year, or you can make estimated payments – it’s your choice.    

To have income withheld from your unemployment compensation during the year, fill out Form W-4V, Voluntary Withholding Request. Use the Tax Withholding Estimator to calculate what you’ll need to have withheld.  

What do I need to file unemployment taxes?  

You should receive Form 1099-G from your state showing the total amount of unemployment income you need to report. If you were employed for any amount of time during the year, you will also need your W-2 from your former employer.   

Have you picked up a side gig, like driving for Uber, tutoring, or selling a product as an independent consultant? If so, you may be considered self-employed for tax purposes. To learn more, read: Different Types of Self-Employment. 

Are there tax breaks for unemployment?  

The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) is one tax benefit that many people may overlook. It is intended to help taxpayers with low to moderate incomes. The amount of credit you can receive depends on your filing status, total income, and how many qualifying children you have. 

If you are paying for childcare while you look for work, you could receive a tax credit to offset those costs. The amount you can claim for the Child and Dependent Care Credit depends on your income. 

For the EITC and the childcare credit, you must have earned income to report on your return. Your unemployment compensation does not count toward these since it is not “earned.” But if you lost your job during the year, you can still qualify based on what you earned while you were still employed.   

If you have dependents under age 17, you may be able to claim the Child Tax Credit. You do not need to have earned income to qualify for this credit, but your dependents will have to meet certain requirements to be eligible. If you claim anyone 17 years old or older, they may qualify for a separate dependent credit worth $500. 

Have you picked up a side gig, like driving for Uber, tutoring, or selling a product as an independent consultant? If so, you may be considered self-employed for tax purposes. To learn more, read: Different Types of Self-Employment.  

Will I have to pay taxes if I file a tax return? 

Filing a tax return does not always mean that you will owe taxes. It does let the IRS know about your annual income, your life situation, and any deductions and credits you qualify for. That is why you must file a tax return to receive a tax refund (if you’re owed one). 

Disclaimer:
This article is intended to provide general information to the public and does not provide personalized tax, investment, legal, or business advice. You should seek the assistance of a professional for advice on taxes, investments, and any other financial, legal, or business matter pertinent to your individual situation.

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