Tax Tips for First-Time Parents

Becoming a parent for the first time? Congratulations! We know you have questions, so we’re here to explain some things to know now that you’ll be filing with a dependent. There are several tax implications associated with adding a new member to your family, and we’ve broken them down here.

Add your new child as a dependent on your tax return 

When reviewing your personal information on your tax return, make sure to claim your new dependent for tax purposes. This will help you qualify for additional credits and deductions. To learn more, read Who Can I Claim as a Dependent? 

Learn about new credits and deductions  

Child Tax Credit  

A new baby means you automatically qualify for a partially refundable Child Tax Credit of $2,000. This includes any babies you may have had during the tax year, even if they were born on December 31st. This credit will reduce any taxes you owe, or up to $1,400 can be added to your refund if you don’t owe. However, it will phase out for higher income levels. For example, if you are a married couple filing jointly and make over $400,000 or a single filer who makes over $200,000, you will not be eligible for the credit.   

Earned Income Tax Credit  

The Earned Income Tax Credit aims to assist lower to middle-income families. Like the Child Tax Credit, the EITC will reduce what you owe. If you expect a refund, this credit is fully refundable and will add to your refund. Look at the table below to see if you qualify for tax year 2022 (returns filed in 2023).

Dependents claimed AGI for married filing jointly AGI for single or head of household 
 No children  $22,610 $16,480 
 1 child  $49,622 $43,492
 2 children  $55,529 $49,399
 3 or more children  $59,187  $53,057

Child and Dependent Care Credit  

If you’re a parent who works and pays for child care, you may qualify for the Child and Dependent Care Credit. If you pay for one child under age 13, you can receive up to $1,050. If you’re paying for two or more children under 13, you can receive up to $2,100. The amount of the credit depends on your income and how much you pay for the care. 

To qualify for the maximum amounts above, your household must have a combined income of less than $15,000 or less. All other households with income of $438,000 or less qualify for partial credit.

Adoption Credit  

There’s also a tax credit to help offset the significant cost of adopting a child. For 2022, the credit is worth as much as $14,890. It is important to note that this credit is not refundable, but it can be carried over to the next 5 tax returns. The credit begins to phase out for taxpayers with an income of $223,410 and is eliminated if your income is $263,410. 

Update your W-4 withholdings  

When you start your job, you are required to fill out Form W-4 to calculate your withholdings. You may need to adjust the amount being withheld after having a baby. Get with your employer to see if you should update your W-4 now that you have a dependent.

Update your filing status  

If your filing status is single when you have your baby, you might qualify to update your status to head of household. If you update your status, it may allow you to take a more significant standard deduction.   

If you are married, having a baby will not change your filing status.  

Start saving for college tax-free  

You may think that college is a lifetime away when you are holding your newborn. But college is a significant expense, and the good news is you can start saving for your child’s tuition and fees as soon as they are born. And you can do it tax-free. One option is a 529 Savings Plan. Contributions made to this plan are not deductible, but the earnings will grow tax-free. Payouts are also tax-free if the money goes towards qualifying college bills. 

This article was last updated on 7/27/2022.

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